Words play an important role in every person’s life. It is the choice of words which makes a difference in creating an impression of someone. It is therefore essential that from one’s childhood, one builds a good vocabulary in order to understand others’ ideas properly and express one’s ideas clearly to others. So, Pre Primary teachers should acquaint children with new words in order to improve their vocabulary and teach them a new language. They should let children try and use new words as soon as they can so that the new words become part of their active vocabulary and their language gets more enriched day by day. Therefore, the basics of teaching new words means making the toddlers master the four basic skills- listening, speaking, reading and writing.
While learning a foreign language, children are not exposed to the language as they are to the mother tongue. Little Wits, the best Montessori play school in Howrah feels that children are in this way deprived of the chance of hearing and listening to the language. Hence, a few arrangements have to be made by Pre Primary teachers to make the children listen to the language and later speak, read and write. So, the basics of teaching new words to children involves the below mentioned steps that should be taken by a teacher:
Pre Primary teachers need to understand that children learn to say new words only after they hear them and then they go on to read and write. It is a psychological process in which the language skills are developed. Of the four language skills, the first two are natural because the one who hears may try to listen and then speak also. The second two skills are artificial and they have to be developed through training and practice. Even in the native language, this same process goes on.
Teachers should keep repeating new words. Children need to hear a new word at least five times before they are able to say it correctly.
Pre Primary teachers should identify areas in which children are more interested and then speak on those topics so that the children attentively listen to what the teachers say and then cheerfully learn new words.
Pre Primary teachers may speak pairs of words and ask the students to differentiate between them. She may even use some drawings on the black board or some pictures on the flannel board to make them understand what the two alike words mean or she may make several statements and ask them to answer to the corresponding statement or drawing.
Pre Primary teachers may narrate a story and pause at different places and enable the students to predict or answer the questions asked to them. This also ensures keen listening of the students.
Pre Primary teachers should give instructions and commands and teach the students to respond to questions and let the students answer in one word.
Pre Primary teachers can also arrange for activities like making objects, colouring objects etc. For instance if a teacher draws a square and then asks the children to draw a similar square and then colour it, children playfully learn that square means a shape with all sides of equal size.
Pre Primary teachers may recite funny rhymes like“ Ringa Ringa Roses” or “Johny Johny Yes Pappa” so that children learn to use the words properly and express their ideas to others.
Pre Primary teachers can ask the children to complete certain sentences. For instance, I went to the market and bought ________.
Pre Primary teachers may say certain words and then ask the children to say certain related words. For instance, if she says “flowers”, children will say roses, merry golds, tulips and others.
Pre Primary teachers may ask the children to fill up easy crossword puzzles like the one who catches fish is known as fisherman.
All the Pre Primary teachers of Little Wits, one of the most renowned nursery schools in Howrah understand that the rate of learning new words varies from child to child and they should try their utmost to nurture the little talents as much as possible by teaching them with equal love, care and attention.